Inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis) is a common condition that affects more than 80% of men over 30 years of age. The absence of severe symptoms and the unwillingness to see a doctor lead to dangerous complications and the formation of a chronic form. Regular check-ups enable early detection of the disease. The IMMA clinics offer all the requirements for a comfortable examination and treatment of prostatitis. Competent specialists help even in the most difficult cases.
Features of the structure and location of the prostate determine its susceptibility to infection and inflammatory processes. The erosion of the signs and symptoms of prostatitis leads to imperceptible progression, complications, and spread of the affected area to nearby organs. Often men try not to notice the manifestations of the disease, they do not want to seek medical help. This behavior contributes to the development of pathogenic processes. The percentage of self-healing in this case is extremely low.
Via the prostate
The prostate is one of the most important organs of a man and has a decisive influence on the quality of life.
It is a single gland located at the bottom of the bladder. It consists of two lobes connected by an isthmus. Basic functions of the prostate:
- the production of a fluid that dilutes sperm and helps create an environment conducive to sperm activity;
- controls urination. The prostate is adjacent to the urethra and acts as a sphincter muscle;
- protects the bladder from ascending infection.
Irregularities in the work of the gland cause problems in the genital area, the processes of urination. This leads to a sharp decline in the quality of life. Timely treatment of prostatitis in men will avoid numerous complications and maintain sexual activity for many years.
symptoms of the disease. What do you have to pay attention to?
Prostatitis in men can come in two forms: acute and chronic.
Acute prostatitis is characterized by the following clinical appearance:
- poisoning of the body, accompanied by an increase in temperature of more than 38 degrees, general weakness, nausea;
- severe pain in the groin, radiating to the lower back;
- Difficulty urinating and defecating
The patient's condition in this case requires urgent hospitalization and inpatient treatment. In most cases the disease is completely cured.
The symptoms of chronic or congestive prostatitis are divided into groups:
- sexual disorders;
- Problems urinating.
Pain manifestations at the initial stage of the development of the disease are erased, can appear and unpredictably disappear. Localized in the lower abdomen, extends to the lumbar region and genitals. The intensity can be low, so the patient may ignore the problem.
Important! Pain in the lower abdomen can be a sign not only of prostatitis, but also of other diseases of the urinary tract, reproductive system and intestines.
Problems in sex life are one of the main symptoms of congestive prostatitis. Their manifestations are as follows:
- decreased sex drive;
- "deleted" orgasm, lack of vivid sensations;
- reduced or no erection;
- pain during ejaculation or ejaculation;
- increased the unreasonable nocturnal erection.
Mental health contributes to the problem. A man begins to avoid sexual intercourse, there is a feeling of fear, fear, insecurity. A negative emotional background increases the signs of sexual dysfunction.
Disorders of the urinary system are particularly uncomfortable. In the initial stages, there is slight urine retention when urinating, then symptoms worsen, pain and stinging, a feeling of full bladder and more frequent urges. Such manifestations are explained by the fact that the enlarged prostate begins to press on the bladder and urethra.
The specificity of the manifestation of these signs should be taken into account: the increase in symptoms can stop. The patient does not feel the problem for a while. This phenomenon is explained by the compensatory reaction of the bladder muscles. After a short pause, the manifestations of the disease return, more often they are of greater intensity.
The development of chronic prostatitis in men can go unnoticed for several months. Late detection threatens complications and requires not only the inclusion of drugs, but also surgical treatment methods.
Important! Congestive prostatitis is often asymptomatic. In order to identify the disease at an early stage, when it is easier to treat, regular preventive examinations must be carried out.
The nature of the disease. Risk factors
The symptoms and treatment of prostatitis depend on the true nature of the disease. There are two main reasons: infection and the beginning of an inflammatory process.
The proximity of the prostate to the bladder and the urinary canal as well as the intestine leads to the penetration of infectious agents into the tissue of the gland. A healthy organism with strong immunity can successfully withstand infection. The prostate becomes a protective barrier against ascending infections that can affect the urinary system. As a result of an unhealthy lifestyle and overloading the pelvic region, this function is weakened.
Pathogenic organisms reach the prostate via the ascending path from the penis, descending from the bladder, via blood and lymph. Main sources of infection:
- The most dangerous are sexually transmitted infections. They are usually asymptomatic and cause great harm to the body.
- system infections;
- Complications in acute respiratory infections, e. g. B. Complications of bronchitis.
The main causes of prostatitis are bad lifestyle habits. Heredity and innate predisposition are rare.
The structural features of the vascular system lead to a blockage in the pelvic area, the blood begins to circulate poorly, the tissues do not receive the required amount of oxygen, which decreases their resistance to disease. Additionally, secretion from the prostate can build up on its own, causing inflammation.
Congestive prostatitis occurs for the following reasons:
- congenital features related to vascular structure, insufficient tone, weak venous valves;
- injuries, including damage to the spine and spinal cord;
- spinal diseases;
- varicose veins, hemorrhoids;
- bad habits;
- hormonal imbalance;
- Salt imbalance.
Disorders in the hormonal background lead to changes in the prostate: An excess of testosterone leads to an enlargement and a deficiency - functional disorders.
Bad habits damage the vascular system. Alcohol causes small blood vessels to narrow and nicotine to death of blood vessels. Poor blood circulation contributes to the development of pathological phenomena in organs and weakens their protective functions.
Inactivity or a sedentary lifestyle, sedentary or standing work leads to stagnation of fluid in the pelvic area, the veins are under increased stress, as a result, varicose veins develop, the protective functions of the body decrease, various diseases begin to develop, including inflammationthe prostate.
With frequent diarrhea, colitis, insufficient fluid intake, potassium deficiency in the body, a violation of the water-salt balance occurs, which adversely affects the condition of the prostate.
The causes of infectious prostatitis are promiscuous sexual behavior, frequent partner changes, poor immunity, complications of frequent infections, hypothermia.
Statistics show the rejuvenation of the disease: signs of prostatitis are noted in young men and adolescents. This is made easier by wearing tight clothing and underwear and by frequent hypothermia.
During the examination, the doctor asks the patient if prostatitis is suspected and performs a rectal examination of the prostate. The procedure does not take long and is painless. The patient lies on one side, the doctor inserts his index finger into the rectum. The proximity of the prostate and intestines will allow you to assess their condition. Enlargement of the glands, pain when pressing are signs of prostatitis.
To confirm the diagnosis, blood and urine tests are done, including ultrasound of the pelvic organs for the presence of a bacterial infection; Examination of prostate secretions, analysis of hormone levels.
The main treatment for prostatitis is drug therapy. Depending on the identified cause, antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs will be prescribed.
Supplement the basic treatment regimen with vitamin complexes, drugs to strengthen blood vessels, hormonal drugs, if necessary, immunomodulators. Physiotherapy has a healing effect.
Sometimes a prostate massage is prescribed, which removes congestion, restores the active work of the organ and improves blood supply. Patient reviews show the effectiveness of this type of treatment. The process takes no more than five minutes. The most effective massage in the treatment of chronic and congestive prostatitis.
Important! Prostate massage has a number of contraindications. With acute prostatitis, purulent inflammation and malignant tumors, this type of treatment is contraindicated.
Surgical intervention is only possible in extreme cases and is usually performed in elderly patients, as a number of serious side effects can occur after removal of the affected part of the gland or with complete removal:
- sexual dysfunction;
- urinary incontinence;
- hormonal imbalance.
With timely treatment, you can quickly manage prostatitis symptoms to avoid life-threatening and health complications.
One of the main conditions for congestive prostatitis to remission is a healthy lifestyle. Drug treatment will help get rid of the symptoms, but if the real causes are not eliminated, relapses of the disease can be observed over a long period of time. To maintain health and avoid chronic diseases, you must follow the recommendations below:
- have a regular sex life with a partner;
- correct nutrition, avoidance of fat, salt, friedness;
- moderate physical activity;
- Adherence to the daily routine, healthy sleep;
- giving up bad habits. It may sound like always, but alcohol and nicotine are extremely destructive to the entire body.
- Avoid shaking, take breaks, warm up during long driving times.
What can be done?
In order to avoid the development of a chronic form of the disease and possible complications, it is necessary to have a preventive examination by a urologist twice a year. It is important to be responsible when choosing the clinic and doctor. The asymptomatic course of the disease requires careful examination, a complex of studies.
Regular visits to the doctor won't take much time, but will help maintain men's health for years.